Compass Direct Adamawa articles

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This page contains news stories published by Compass Direct News related to Adamawa State, Nigeria. I am fact-checking each story to see if CD or its sources are inventing stories or giving news articles a strong bias. The idea isn't to prove that CD has a bias in its news reporting- that's already proven. The idea is to see if CD or other groups "on the ground" have a pattern of inventing or embellishing news stories to suit their viewpoints.

Court Condemns Militant Muslim Leader to Death

Event actually happened, core of CD article appears to be factually correct.

Compass Direct article

Judge says unorthodox extremist was responsible for rioting that killed 3,000 people. October 11 (Compass Direct News) – A Muslim militant Islamic leader who spearheaded religious conflict that engulfed northern Nigeria in 1984 has been sentenced to death by a high court here in the northern state of Adamawa. The Yola High Court on Tuesday (October 10) ordered Musa Suleiman, also known as Musa Makaniki, leader of an unorthodox Islamic sect known as Maitatsine, to death by hanging. He was convicted on all three counts against him: homicide, inciting public disturbance, and criminal conspiracy. Justice Bamare Bansi, also the chief judge of Adamawa state, said in his judgment that there was overwhelming evidence that proved the Muslim militant leader masterminded a large-scale religious riot in which an estimated 3,000 Christians and Muslims died. Audu Mohammed Gangs, representing the state prosecutor’s office, told Compass at the court that the judgment was a triumph of the rule of law. “The judgment was based on available evidence; it is therefore the triumph of the rule of law,” he said. Innocent Daagba, defense lawyer for Suleiman, told Compass that his team will appeal the death sentence. “There was no enough evidence to prove that my client was guilty of the charges he was convicted of,” Daagba said. Besides the death penalty for the homicide charge, the 51-year-old Suleiman was sentenced to six months of prison with hard labor for criminal conspiracy. For the conviction of inciting public disturbance, he was sentenced to 21 years of imprisonment with hard labor and a fine of 100,000 naira (US$802), and 12 lashes with a cane. Justice Bansi took four hours to read the judgment, likening the operations of the Islamic militant to that of al-Qaeda. Suleiman just smiled when the death sentence was pronounced. “It is against societal norms to destroy innocent lives,” the judge said. “Sane persons in Nigeria, irrespective of religious persuasions, frown at bloodletting.” People who seek to abuse religious freedom by causing havoc under religious pretenses need to be contained, he added.

Media Corroboration


The BBC article has less detail than the CD article. The facts in the BBC article match those in the CD article.

Anglican Bishop Survives Fourth Attack

Compass Direct article

Suspected Muslim militants kill guest of one of clergyman’s guards in courtyard. Rev. Ali Buba Lamido (photo) April 21 (Compass Direct) – The latest attack on the Rt. Rev. Ali Buba Lamido, 47, Anglican bishop of Wusasa diocese in Kaduna state, began as the past year’s previous three did: Armed men whom he believes were Muslim militants asked a guard at his home where he was, announcing they were going to kill him. Not concerned about stealth in heavily Islamic Kaduna state, the attackers fired into the air, then struck the bishop’s workers in the courtyard. This time, last March 10, one of his guard’s guests, Samaila Gandu, was shot dead. Guard James Daso and another worker, Bulus Moses, were seriously injured. This scenario matches other instances in which Muslim militants have assaulted Christian clergy, Lamido said. “It is difficult to believe that it was not religiously motivated, because some bishops have been attacked and one priest was murdered in a similar way,” he said. “And the killers never stole any thing from their houses.” Likewise, Lamido told Compass at his Wusasa office, the four attacks on his house since April 2005 have involved no attempted robbery. “In my own case, I am the only Fulani Christian leader in the country, and I assume this has provoked many Muslim leaders,” he said. “In the whole Wusasa village, it is only my house that has been attacked each time and not any other.” Based near the city of Zaria, Lamido presides over the Wusasa diocese of the Church of Nigeria (Anglican Communion), where 98 percent of his denomination’s church members come from northern Nigeria’s indigenous Hausa community. Christians are in the minority among the ethnic Hausa and Fulani, both mainly Muslim, of northern Nigeria. Lamido has been among the few outspoken Christian leaders in northern Nigeria persistently decrying persecution of Christians. The invasions of his home, many believe, are connected with his outspoken stance. The bishop said he knew the attackers definitely intended to gun him down, as “they had told the guards this.” The alleged militants “interviewed them on where I was,” he said. Lamido told Compass that police have not made any arrests in connection with the attacks.
Son of a Muslim Cleric: As the only Fulani tribesman from an Islamic background who is a bishop in the global Anglican Communion, Lamino presides over a diocese that has 160 congregations with an estimated 60,000 members, 60 priests and 30 lay evangelists. His father was a Muslim cleric, and his Muslim mother “still teaches the Quran to Muslims,” he said. Born into the Fulani Lamido dynasty of Adamawa State in northern Nigeria, Lamido at age 5 was taken away from his parents by his aunt, Mary Musa. Her husband was a Muslim chaplain with the Nigerian army before both became Christians. Persecution forced the Musas to leave their Kano military base and move to Vom village, a Christian missions hub in central Nigeria’s Plateau state. Lamido, who had been a Quranic student while staying with his aunt, was exposed to the gospel and eventually received Jesus Christ at age 15, with his aunt leading him in prayer. The bishop received his theological education at the Christian Institute in Jos, the Jos ECWA Theological Seminary, the University of Jos, and the Episcopal School for Ministry in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.
Water Shut Off: Working as a Christian minister in an Islamic dominated part of northern Nigeria, Lamido said, has been difficult in terms of personal relationship, societal acceptance and gospel proclamation. He has witnessed massive destruction of churches and killing of Christians in Kaduna state in the past seven years. “Two of our churches in Gindandau and Galadimawa, in Birnin Gwari Local Government Area, were burnt, and the one in Gindandau is yet to be rebuilt,” Lamido said. “That was the only church in Gindandau.” The Anglican church in Makarfi town, the hometown of the Kaduna state Gov. Ahmad Muhammad Makarfi, was also burned down. All of these churches, he said, were destroyed by Muslim militants in the 2001 riots in Kaduna state. His home church, he said, had five of her members killed in the city of Kaduna, while a teacher in the church’s school was also killed in Zaria city. Besides denying land for building churches, another problem facing the state’s Christian communities is the denial of social services like water, schools, clinics, and roads to them by Muslim council officials. “In the past 19 years, water supply to Wusasa has been blocked by the Kaduna State Water Board,” Lamido said. “In fact, this is my ninth year in Wusasa and I have not seen a drop of water to drink. Yet, there is constant water being supplied to Muslim areas of Zaria City.” Lamido and other Christians in Wusasa get water from wells and boreholes dug by churches in Wusasa, he said, “as pipe-born water has been blocked since 1987, after religious crisis of that year in Kaduna state.”
Bondage: In spite of the opposition of Muslim leaders to Christian evangelization efforts in Zaria and beyond, there are Muslims who desire to embrace the Christian faith, Lamido said. “Despite the difficulties,” he said, “there is mass acceptance of the gospel and embrace of Jesus as Lord and Savior by people, even among Muslims.” Lamido says Islam’s resistance to the gospel in northern Nigeria is more of a political problem than rejection of Christianity by the common Muslims as according to him, “there are Muslims who want to become Christians but they fear persecution from their leaders.” Some of about 100 Muslim converts at his church in Wusasa, he said, have been brought in by Anglican churches in Zamfara, Katsina and other states where persecution is grave. His church is caring for them and teaching them the Bible, and some of them have been enrolled in schools. “We have 100 Muslim converts here; 10 of them were brought in here from Zamfara and Katsina,” Lamido said. “We have integrated them into the church and enrolled some of them in our primary schools, since most of them did not have the privilege of receiving western education. We are concerned about their safety, as some them were dispossessed of their property when they became Christians.” The largest problem confronting the church, he said, is how to protect these converts from dangers from Muslim militants. "In spite of the difficulties, there are Muslims who are prepared to receive Christ,” he said. “The problem is where to keep them, because of the nature of intense persecution in this part of the country.” The Church Missionary Society (CMS) of the Church of England began missions work in Wusasa village in 1900. Missionaries focused on the Muslim-influenced Hausa ethnic group. The Hausas who embraced Christianity and rejected Islam were then referred to as the Maguzawas, a name in Hausa language depicting them as those who ran away from Islam. Based on the work of these missionaries in Wusasa, Lamido said, the first medical doctor, pharmacist, female ambassador, and a host of other first-time positions in northern Nigeria originated in the Wusasa church. Early Nigerian missionaries who continued with the evangelization after the exit of the CMS missionaries, Lamido says, include Malam Zakaria Dimka and Malam Kwashi, father of the present Anglican Bishop of Jos, Benjamin Kwashi.

Media Corroboration

No BBC articles. The only references to this event online cite the Compass Direct article. There is a reference to a "Samaila Gandu" being involved in torching a Muslim school in Jan 2009.


Compass Direct's Top 10 News Stories of 2005

Excerpt pertaining to Adamawa State:9 – Islamization in Northern Nigeria Christians in Nigeria’s northern quarters were frequent targets of violence in 2005 as the imposition of sharia in 2001 in 12 states continued to feed Islamic rage. A Muslim militant attack on the Christian community in Demsa village, Adamawa state, on February 4, killed 36 people and displaced about 3,000 others. In Niger state, where Christians make up half of the population, Islamic officials seized Christians’ property, discriminated against them in the public sector, and forced Christian girls to marry Muslims. As of October, nine cases of forceful conversions of Christian girls below the age of 14 were reported to the office of the Niger chapter of the Christian Association of Nigeria; many other cases go unreported. State authorities found pretexts to force churches to relocate out of their towns. In Kano state, Christian children were denied admission into public schools, and those that were admitted were forced to study Arabic, Islam, and say Islamic prayers. Christians in Bari Dorayi village built a nursery and primary school for their children, but the government halted construction. The state has recruited 9,000 Muslims, known as Hisba, who have been trained as enforcers of sharia, acting as instruments of coercion, intimidation and harassment. Even in Christian-majority Plateau state, where sharia has not been imposed, Muslims worked for “Islamization” to break the state’s position as a launch point for missions to the north – destroying churches, appointing Muslims into political positions of power and denying Christians land to build churches.

Police Kill Two More Christians in Numan

Compass Direct article

Tuesday March 15, 2005 Christian community demands withdrawal of soldiers, police from troubled town. March 15 (Compass) -- Tensions have escalated sharply between the Christian community of Numan town in the northern state of Adamawa, Nigeria, and government security forces following the shooting deaths of two Christian youths. Police killed Ezekiel Eli and Kingsley Zadok Imburu on February 7 when the two youths joined a group protesting the arrest of a local Christian woman. The shootings came a little more than one week after a young Christian woman named Judith Lan’guti was shot dead, reportedly without provocation, by soldiers deployed to keep peace in the town between Muslims and Christians. (See Compass Direct, “Nigerian Peace-keeping Soldiers Kill Christian Woman,” February 7, 2005.) Christian spokesmen say the incessant clashes in Numan stem from the June 8, 2003, murder of Christian pastor Mrs. Esther Jinkai Ethan. The chief suspect in the Ethan’s stabbing death, Mohammed Salisu, a Muslim, has never been brought to trial. “Up to this moment, the fanatic has not been prosecuted and now we are being forced to mourn the death of another Christian woman,” Mahula Tika, a Christian community leader in Numan, told Compass.
Youth Respond to Killing with Peaceful Protest: Following the death of Lan’guti, Christian youths in Numan town staged a peaceful protest. Sources say protestors carried a mock coffin symbolizing mourning and the oppression of Christians in Numan. When Adamawa state officials organized a counter-protest in Numan on February 5, a fight broke out between residents, prompting a new deployment of security forces to the town.
Arrest of Protester's Mother Sparks Incident: On February 7, police officers went from house to house arresting the Christian youth they suspected of organizing the protest. When they found one suspect was not at home, police arrested his mother instead. Other Christian youths gathered at the home, demanding the woman’s release and blocking police from taking her away. Policemen responded by opening fire on the crowd, killing Eli and Imburu instantly. Officers arrested and charged 30 people, all Christians, for their involvement in the incident. Among them is the Rev. Nelson Malau, pastor of the Lutheran Church of Christ in Nigeria (LCCN). All those arrested are reportedly members of the LCCN. At press time, they are standing trial in the Adamawa state capital of Yola.
A Letter to the President: Michael Mahula Tika and Garba Yedmakudon, two leaders of the Christian community in Numan, have sent a letter to Nigeria’s president, Olusegun Obasanjo, calling for the immediate withdrawal of soldiers and policemen deployed to the town and “asking him to carry out full-scale investigation and independent inquiry into the killing of the three Christian brethren and the detention without trial of 30 of our people.” “Mr. President, we are looking up to you to save us from being wiped out by the forces of darkness and blood-thirsty Muslim politicians in your government,” they state in the letter. Tika and Yedmakudon accuse Nigeria’s vice president, Atiku Abubakar, a Muslim from Adamawa state, of provoking Muslim militants to attack the Christian community in Numan town. “We have no confidence in your vice president, Atiku Abubakar, because he created the problem by setting Muslims against Christians here. Please, help us out of this quagmire,” they wrote. “Our women and youths are being assaulted daily, and arrests are being made on false claims. The shooting and killing of these two of our brethren goes to confirm our fears that there is a hidden agenda to persecute us because we are Christians. “Among those that have been arrested are aged women and youths. ... Many of our people have also fled their homes in Numan because of these atrocities against us.” With the recent arrests, the number of Christians being held in connection with the religious crisis in Numan now stands at 78. The Nigerian Red Cross reports that 40 people have died, 144 have sustained injury and 2,000 have been displaced due to religious violence in Numan town.

Media Corroboration

  • US State Department "There were no known developments in the February 2005 case in Numan, Adamawa State, in which police killed at least two persons and arrested at least 30 others who were protesting the appointment of the new Bachama ethnic group traditional leader."


So far, no corroborating articles have been found about the Feb 2005 incident other than the mention in a US State Department article.

CD article leaves out important details about causes for ethnic and religious violence when they are negative to Christians. For example:

  • Mosque row sparks Nigeria clashes BBC, 9 Jun 2004. The Muslim minority in Numan tried to rebuild their mosque (that had been destroyed by Christian rioters in 2003, but were stopped again by Christian rioters. 7 dead, three mosques burnt down.
  • Nigerian state imposes new curfew BBC, 12 Jun 2004. Yola under a new curfew after tensions rise following the killings of hundreds of Muslims by Christian rioters. The previously-mentioned Numan situation has now displaced 2,000 people and killed 41. The Christian chief who started the mosque controversy was ordered to step down.

Muslim Militants Kill 35 in Christian Community

The article that started this whole project...

Compass Direct article

Friday March 04, 2005 (Compass) -- Muslim militants attacked the Christian community in Demsa village, Adamawa state, northern Nigeria, on Friday, February 4, killing 36 people, destroying property and displacing about 3,000 others. The surviving Christians have taken refuge in Mayolope village in the neighboring state of Taraba. Alhaji Saleh Jatau, a Muslim who spoke to Compass in Mayolope, confirmed the attack on Demsa. However, he said the militants do not have the support of the Muslim community when they attack Christians. “I am appealing that the government should act quickly to end this conflict. We have lived in peace with Christians, but now some of us [Muslims] have decided to cause problems between us,” Jatau told Compass. “I have lived with Christians in our village for 51 years, and I have never witnessed any crisis where people are being killed without caution as it happened that day. Most of the people here [in the camp] have vowed never to return to the village until the government finds a lasting solution to the problems.” While visiting the displaced Christians on February 7, Rev. Jolly Nyame, governor of the state of Taraba, expressed sadness over the attacks and said the country could progress only through peaceful coexistence. “No community can move forward while crisis takes the center stage. It is only peace that can usher in development in the country,” he told the refugees. “Only tolerance and forgiveness can bring about peaceful co-existence among people of different religious backgrounds.” He further said the Nigerian government needs to check the activities of Muslim militants which have provoked crises in different parts of the country. The attack on Demsa village by Muslim militants is the second in Adamawa state. Numan, also in Adamawa, has been under siege since a religious crisis that erupted there two years ago over the killing of Pastor Esther Ethan Jinkai. The situation worsened in January when another Christian woman was killed by soldiers deployed to keep peace (see Compass Direct, “Nigerian Peace-keeping Soldiers Kill Christian Woman,” February 2).

Media Corroboration

None. There may have been an article in The Guardian about this incident, however there are no Internet archives of The Guardian online that go back to 2005.

Non-CD mentions of this dispute portray it as a clash between farmers and migrants who fought over the ability of the migrants to graze cattle in the farmer's land. There is no mention of religion at all in the external articles.


As in the previous article, CD oversimplifies details and excludes any background information that may be critical to Christians.

Peace-Keeping Soldiers Kill Christian Woman

Monday February 07, 2005 Kano family fears missing son killed while in custody. February 7 (Compass) -- Judith Lan’guti, a young Christian woman in Numan, a town in the northern state of Adamawa, Nigeria, was shot dead without provocation on January 28 by soldiers who had been deployed to keep peace in the town following the outbreak of violence between Muslims and Christians. “The murder of Miss Judith is coming 19 months after the killing of our Rev. Esther Jinkai Ethan by a Muslim fanatic,” Mahula Tika, a Christian community leader in Numan, told Compass. “Up to this moment, the fanatic has not been prosecuted and now we are being forced to mourn the death of another Christian woman.” Ethan, a Christian evangelist, was killed in Numan by a Muslim man 19 months ago. Her murder set Muslims against Christians, and Numan has remained under siege since. Two major clashes occurred in the town in May 2003 and May 2004. Violence claimed several hundred lives and destroyed valuable property. (See Compass Direct, “Nigerian Town Riots on Anniversary of Preacher’s Murder,” June 14, 2004.) While Christians in Numan town were observing the first anniversary of Mrs. Ethan’s death, Muslims there built a mosque beside the cathedral of the Lutheran church and adjacent to the palace of the town’s Christian monarch, Feddy Soditi Bongo. The construction of the mosque sparked another religious clash which claimed more lives and displaced hundreds of residents.
More Violence Likely: Major General John Ahmadu, speaking to journalists on February 1 in the city of Yola, said that reports reaching him indicate a likelihood of the reoccurrence of religious turmoil in Numan. “The present wind [religious crisis] that is blowing in Numan does no one any good,” Ahmadu said. The officer declined to comment on Lan’guti’s killing. Christians in Numan reportedly interpret the Adamawa state government’s removal of Bongo as persecution against them. According to local sources, the deposed monarch has been forced into exile in Bali town in the northern state of Taraba.
Police Cannot Find Man in Custody: Meanwhile in the city of Kano, the family of Yusuf Olawale, 27, reported him missing and believes he may have been killed. The family has not heard from Olawale since his arrest by Islamic law enforcers on May 13 on allegations that he had breached sharia, the Islamic legal code. Tunde Olawele, Yusuf’s older brother, said that police searching for the young Christian man have not found any trace of him in the last six months. “We are scared that he might have been killed since the police claim they have not seen him and have declared him wanted on the same offense of breaching the Islamic law,” the elder Olawale told Compass. Alhaji Aliyu Usman, a Muslim and the Kano State Commissioner for Justice, declined to talk to Compass about the Olawale arrest. However, Usman did comment, “A judge of the Islamic court may use his discretion within the confines of the Islamic law to impose an imprisonment or a fine on a Christian or any non-Muslim who has breached the Islamic law.” The Olawale family fears for Yusuf because he was arrested a few days after Muslims rioted in Kano, Plateau state, last year. (See Compass Direct, “Muslim ‘Protest’ Turns Deadly in Nigeria,” May 13, 2004.)

That clash left scores of Christians dead or maimed, and destroyed several churches. Yusuf Olawale’s family thinks he may have been killed along with other Christians.

Muslim Students Torch Home of Christian Educator

Monday February 23, 2004 February 23 (Compass) — Muslim students at Nigeria’s Federal College of Education in the northern city of Yola burned down the home of the school’s provost, a Christian, on January 16. Sources at the college say the attack on Provost Dr. John Abubakar Yusufu was an apparent attempt to kill him. Muslim assailants then turned on Christian students and staff; several victims were hospitalized with injuries. Federal College has experienced religious conflict over the past three years. Mrs. Grace Yakubu, a Christian staff member, told Compass, “We no longer have the confidence to carry on with teaching and learning activities here.” The violence prompted officials to dismiss classes at Federal College and appoint an investigative panel to uncover the causes of incessant conflict at the school. That did not satisfy Christian leaders, however. “There is foul play in the composition of the membership of the committee, since Christians are not represented in it,” Rev. Philip Faruk, chairman of the Adamawa state chapter of the Christian Association of Nigeria (CAN), told Compass. Faruk said that, due to discrimination in the composition of the investigating panel, CAN will not accept its report.

Muslim Extremists Attack Churches, Evangelist

Monday February 23, 2004 (Compass) — Muslim students at Nigeria’s Federal College of Education in the northern city of Yola burned down the home of the school’s provost, a Christian, on January 16. Sources at the college say the attack on Provost Dr. John Abubakar Yusufu was an apparent attempt to kill him. Muslim assailants then turned on Christian students and staff; several victims were hospitalized with injuries. Federal College has experienced religious conflict over the past three years. Mrs. Grace Yakubu, a Christian staff member, told Compass, “We no longer have the confidence to carry on with teaching and learning activities here.” The violence prompted officials to dismiss classes at Federal College and appoint an investigative panel to uncover the causes of incessant conflict at the school. That did not satisfy Christian leaders, however. “There is foul play in the composition of the membership of the committee, since Christians are not represented in it,” Rev. Philip Faruk, chairman of the Adamawa state chapter of the Christian Association of Nigeria (CAN), told Compass. Faruk said that, due to discrimination in the composition of the investigating panel, CAN will not accept its report.

Religious Violence Claims 10 Lives

Monday June 16, 2003 (Compass) — Religious violence broke out on June 9 in Numan, a town in the northern state of Adamawa. Clashes between Muslims and Christians left 10 people dead and places of worship destroyed, following the murder of a Christian evangelist at the hands of a Muslim man. State police spokesmen said the Muslim attacker, Muhammad Salisu, stabbed Mrs. Esther Ethan to death while she was doing street evangelism. Afterward, Salisu apparently took refuge at the town’s police station. Angered by the brazen crime, local youths and neighbors of the evangelist pursued the man to the police station to seek revenge, sparking clashes between Muslims and Christians. According to reports, the Living Faith Church and Numan’s central mosque were burned to the ground. State officials ordered police reinforcements into the town to restore law and order and imposed a dusk-to-dawn curfew. Thousands of residents fled the town because of the violence.

Christians An 'Endangered Species'

Friday March 15, 2002 (Compass) - The leader of a Christian organization said on February 23 that Christians in northern Nigeria had become an “endangered species,” citing incessant killings, attacks and destruction of their property. “Christians in northern Nigeria have suffered untold hardship as a result of the implementation of the Islamic legal code in 12 out of the country’s 36 states,” said Margaret Elioku, chairperson of the Eastern Christians Summit. Elioku appealed to Christian leaders worldwide to come to the aid of Christians in northern Nigeria by pressuring the Nigerian government, especially the political leadership at the state levels, to respect the religious rights of all persons. A Christian university student in Adamawa state of northern Nigeria was brutally murdered by a group of four Muslim assassins who were allegedly assigned by a Muslim politician in Gombi to kill her. Thousands of persons have been killed and property worth billions of dollars has been destroyed as a result of sharia-induced conflicts during the past two years in northern Nigeria.

More Churches Burned by Muslim Extremists

Friday November 16, 2001 (Compass) - Persons believed to be Islamic fundamentalists burned three churches in Kaduna city of northern Nigeria on October 6. “It was due to the quick intervention of some Christian residents in the area who alerted security agents at midnight that saved the lives of about five Christians who were inside one of the churches already padlocked by the Muslim mob,” said a pastor. Kaduna state police officials said they had received reports on October 4 of plans by Muslim fanatics to burn some churches in Kaduna city. The gutted remains of the church buildings were adorned with posters of Saudi millionaire Osama bin Laden - prime suspect in the September 11 terrorist attacks in the United States. Nigeria state police officials immediately put the state of Kaduna under a security alert. The governor visited the scene and said that the police are already investigating the attack on the places of worship. Meanwhile, police arrested eight Muslims suspected of burning down a church in Mubi in northern Nigeria’s Adamawa state.

Frustration, Retaliation Fuel Violence

Friday August 24, 2001 (Compass) - Religious violence continues to escalate in northern Nigeria as Christians feel increasingly marginalized by the implementation of Islamic (sharia) law. Ten persons were killed in Kaduna state during violent clashes on June 30 between Muslims and Christians after the state government imposed a Muslim leader on the Christian-dominated community of Kurama. Muslim and Christian students of the Federal College of Education in Yola, in Adamawa state, clashed on July 13. According to Christian students, the violence began when they discovered that their candidate won the students’ union election, but school authorities has overturned the results in favor of the Muslim candidate. Muslims dominate the school administration. An unknown number of students were injured in the ensuing fight, and several were hospitalized.

Churches Attacked Because of Lunar Eclipse

Event actually happened, CD article mostly factually correct, but with bias through exclusion.

Compass Direct article

Friday February 16, 2001 (Compass) - Muslim extremists went on a rampage in several northern Nigerian states on January 9, attacking Christians and church buildings reportedly because of a lunar eclipse. The attacks took place in Adamawa, Yobe, Sokoto and Borno states, where Muslim mobs harassed and attacked Christians, destroyed church buildings, and vandalized Christian properties. Eyewitnesses said the mobs claimed that the lunar eclipse occurred because of the sins of non-Muslims, particularly Christians.

Media Corroboration


BBC only mentions riots in Maiduguri in Borno State. There's nothing about riots in Adamawa, Yobe, or Sokoto states. BBC also says: "Islamic leaders in Maiduguri have been quick to condemn the riot, which they blamed on poorly-educated youths who understand nothing of their own religion.".